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Added in v5.3 View on GitHub


Use our low-level z-index utilities to quickly change the stack level of an element or component.


Use z-index utilities to stack elements on top of one another. Requires a position value other than static, which can be set with custom styles or using our position utilities.

We call these “low-level” z-index utilities because of their default values of -1 through 3, which we use for the layout of overlapping components. High-level z-index values are used for overlay components like modals and tooltips.
<div class="z-3 position-absolute p-5 rounded-3"><span>z-3</span></div>
<div class="z-2 position-absolute p-5 rounded-3"><span>z-2</span></div>
<div class="z-1 position-absolute p-5 rounded-3"><span>z-1</span></div>
<div class="z-0 position-absolute p-5 rounded-3"><span>z-0</span></div>
<div class="z-n1 position-absolute p-5 rounded-3"><span>z-n1</span></div>


Bootstrap overlay components—dropdown, modal, offcanvas, popover, toast, and tooltip—all have their own z-index values to ensure a usable experience with competing “layers” of an interface.

Read about them in the z-index layout page.

Component approach

On some components, we use our low-level z-index values to manage repeating elements that overlap one another (like buttons in a button group or items in a list group).

Learn about our z-index approach.


Sass maps

Customize this Sass map to change the available values and generated utilities.

$zindex-levels: (
  n1: -1,
  0: 0,
  1: 1,
  2: 2,
  3: 3

Sass utilities API

Position utilities are declared in our utilities API in scss/_utilities.scss. Learn how to use the utilities API.

"z-index": (
  property: z-index,
  class: z,
  values: $zindex-levels,